ارزیابی بایسته‌ها و الزامات رفتاری جمهوری اسلامی ایران در سوریۀ پسابحران

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستقل

نویسندگان

1 عضوهیات علمی گروه علوم سیاسی دانشگاه ایت الله بروجردی

2 کارشناس ارشد روابط بین الملل دانشگاه گیلان

چکیده

روابط راهبردی جمهوری اسلامی ایران و سوریه علی‌رغم فرازوفرودهای کم‌سابقه‌ای که طی سالیان اخیر تجربه کرده است، نمونه‌ای تام و تمام از پایدارترین، راهبردی‌ترین و ناگسستنی‌ترین روابط دوجانبه در محیط امنیتی غرب آسیا تلقی می‌گردد که در فضای پسابحران به‌منظور تحکیم دستاوردهای به‌دست‌آمده نیازمند نقش‌آفرینی، مدیریت و مهندسی ویژه‌تر نسبت به قبل است. بر همین اساس هدف پژوهش حاضر ناظر بر آن است که با توجه به نقش‌آفرینی تهران در تحولات اخیر سوریه و حمایت حداکثری از دولت تحت رهبری بشار اسد، مهم‌ترین عوامل مؤثر بر کنشگریِ مؤثر ایران در سوریۀ پسا بحران شامل چه مواردی می‌باشد. متأثر از هدف مورد اشاره، نگارندگان پژوهش حاضر با تأسی از کتب، مقالات و منابع اینترنتی درجه اول و با روشی توصیفی ـ تحلیلی ـ استنتاجی کوشیده اند تا به چرایی این پرسش راهبردی پاسخ گویند که الزامات رفتاری جمهوری اسلامی ایران برای مدیریت سوریۀ پسابحران چگونه ارزیابی می‌گردد؟ نتیجه حاصل از آزمودن پرسش اصلیِ پژوهش حکایت از آن دارد که از نگاه تهران، سوریه به عنوان بزرگ ترین کشور کوچک جهان از مزایای ویژه‌ای در حوزۀ راهبردی غرب آسیا برخوردار است: این کشور راهبردی به مثابه دروازه ای به سوی جهان عرب است که نه تنها از آن می توان برای ایجاد توازن قدرت در برابر ایالات متحده و اسرائیل استفاده کرد، بلکه یک پُل ارتباطی مهم برای دسترسی به حزب‌الله لبنان است. در همین رابطه ضروری می‌نماید که در فضای پساتحولات، رویکرد راهبردی جمهوری اسلامی ایران بر اساس واقعیت های منطقه‌ای ترتیب‌بندی گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessing the Needs and Behavioral Requirements of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Post-crisis Syria

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rashid Rekabian 1
  • Mahrdad Alepour 2
1 Assistant Prof, at Department of Political Science, Ayatollah Boroujerdi University
2 M.A. of International Relations, University of Guilan
چکیده [English]

The strategic relationship between the Islamic Republic of Iran and Syria, despite the few ups and downs it has experienced in recent years, is considered to be the perfect example of the most stable, strategic and inseparable bilateral relationship in the West Asian security environment in the post-crisis environment. In order to consolidate the achievements, more special planning, management and engineering are needed than before. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to consider what are the most important factors affecting Iran's effective action in post-crisis Syria, given Tehran's role in recent developments in Syria and maximum support for the government led by Bashar al-Assad. Influenced by this goal, the authors of the present study have tried to answer the strategic question of how to assess the behavioral requirements of the Islamic Republic of Iran for the management of post-crisis Syria by relying on books, articles and Internet resources primarily and in a descriptive-analytical-inferential manner. Is it going? The result of testing the main research question suggests that from Tehran's point of view, Syria, as the world's largest small country, has special advantages in the strategic area of ​​Western Asia: It is a strategic country as a gateway to the Arab world that can not only be used to balance power against the United States and Israel, Rather, it is an important bridge to reach Hezbollah in Lebanon. In this regard, it is necessary that in the post-transformation environment, the strategic approach of the Islamic Republic of Iran be organized based on regional realities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • crisis management
  • Stanford School
  • Strategic Approach
  • Syria
  • Islamic Republic of Iran
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