ما سایر اسپارتها: شرق شناسی، فراسوی، و دشمن "دیگر"

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستقل

نویسنده

استاد دانشگاه مطالعات مشرق‌زمین و آفریقا دانشگاه لندن و همکاری‌کننده با دانشگاه کمبریج

چکیده

این مقاله نگاهی به تصاویر دشمنان در شرق و غرب و اختراعات تاریخی آنها دارد. با اتصال خواننده به مشکلات  فعلی " منع مسلمانان"، این مقاله خواننده را از طریق رابطه قدرت و دانش با تاکید خاص بر گفتمان شرق شناسی و فراسوی راهنمایی می‌کند. این نوع گفتمان عطف به گذشته دارد، نه تنها به دلیل محتوای ایدئولوژیک آن، بلکه در واقع عطف به گذشته کاملا به‌طور مستقیم است. بالاتر از هر چیز دیگری،این ایده که تفاوت‌های نامربوط بین فرهنگ و حتی انسان‌ها وجود دارد، به سادگی غلط است. این نیاز به شناسایی ما در مخالفت با دیگران باید مقاومت شود، زیرا اولا قطب‌بندى نادرستی است، و ثانیا چون چشم‌انداز گفتگو و صلح پایدار را نفی می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

We other Spartans: Orientalism, Occidentalism and the enemy “other” Ancient Greece and contemporary wars

نویسنده [English]

  • Arshin Adib-Moghaddam
SOAS, University of London and Fellow, Hughes Hall, University of Cambridge
چکیده [English]

The article deals with enemy images in east and west and their historical invention. Connecting the reader to current controversies about “Muslim bans”, the article guides the reader through the nexus of power and knowledge with a particular emphasis on the discourse of Orientalism and Occidentalism.This type of discourse is retroactive, not only because of its ideological content;, it is in fact and quite directly retroactive. Above everything else, the idea that there are essential, unbridgeable differences between cultures and by extension human beings is simply false. This urge to identify us in strict opposition to others has to be resisted, firstly because it is a false polarisation and secondly because it negates the prospect of dialogue and sustainable peace. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Muslims
  • Orientalism
  • other
  • Occidentalism
  • pluralism
 

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