سیاست عذرخواهی:زنان در چارچوب پیچیدگی‌های منطقه‌ای

نوع مقاله: مقاله مستقل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی ، دانشگاه تهران، تهران،ایران

2 دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران،تهران،ایران

چکیده

دولت ژاپن در طول دوران استعمارگری خود سیستمی غیراخلاقی را تاسیس کرد که زنان در آن برای سوءاستفاده‌های جنسی به خدمت گرفته می‌شدند. در نتیجه آن، حدود ۲۰۰،۰۰۰ زن مورد آزار سربازان ژاپنی  قرار گرفتند. در تلاش برای حل مسئله بین قربانیان و متخلفان در طول جنگ جهانی دوم، راهکارهای عدالت‌خواهان‌های‌همچون‌ برگزاری نشست‌های مشترک حل و فصل، شکایت در دادگاه‌ها و جبران غرامت بدون حصول نتایج ملموسی‌پیشنهاد شده است. با این وجود، دولت ژاپن به رغم اذعان نظامیان خود به جنایات منتسب، حاضر به عذرخواهی رسمی همراه با تخصیص یک صندوق مالی دولتی  برای تاوان نشده است. پرسش پژوهشی این مقاله آن است که چرا دولت ژاپن حاضر به پوزش رسمی از این زنان و دولت‌های متبوع‌شان برای جنایات جنگی انجام داده نشده است. این مقاله سه عامل موثر اصلی در عدم عذرخواهی این کشور که عبارتند از ایدئولوژی دولتی، فرهنگ اجتماعی و عناصر سیاسی که ریشه‌ای عمیق در سیاست‌های منطقه‌ای در شرق آسیا دارند را بررسی می‌کند. همچنین، "سیاست‌های عذرخواهی"  ژاپن در مورد زنان مورد تعرض را در چارچوب منطقه‌ای شامل پیچیدگی‌های ساختاری، اجتماعی و ژئوپولیتیکی که قابل مصالحه نبوده‌اند را تحقیق و ارایه می‌نماید.

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