نقش تعاملات جنوب-جنوب دربه رسمیت شناختن و تحقق حق توسعه: راه پیش رو

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستقل

نویسنده

دانشجوی دکترای روابط بین‌الملل دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، سرپرست دپارتمان حقوق بشر وزارت امورخارجه جمهوری اسلامی ایران

چکیده

این مقاله به طور خلاصه تاریخچه پیدایش همکاری جنوب - جنوب  که در گفتمان دستور کار توسعه در دهه 70 آغاز شده را مورد بررسی قرار داده و با گفتمان نظم اقتصادی بین‌المللی جدید، با هدف غلبه بر عدم تقارن و شکاف‌های موروثی از دهه‌های پیشین، به عنوان ابزارزمینه ساز همکاری‌های بین‌المللی در میان کشورهای در حال توسعه با تمرکز بر تحقق حق توسعه لحاظ شده است. همچنین بازنگری اخیر همکاری جنوب و جنوب را بررسی کرده و بار دیگر به نتیجه صحنه مرکز سیاست ‌و اقتصاد جهانی دست یافته که منجر به  دغدغه و اهمیت موکد به میثاق تاریخی‌اش در راستای تحول نظم جهانی شده است. این مقاله همچنین یک مرور کلی از بحث‌های معاصر در مورد این حقیقت  به ویژه با توجه به فرصت‌های موجود در آن و چالش‌هایی که جنوب جهانی در جهت ایفا و ارتقاء چنین همکاری با آنها مواجه است را به تصویر می‌کشد. در نهایت، این پژوهش برخی از دستورالعمل‌ها و توصیه‌های ملموس مبنی بر افزایش همکاری بین کشورهای در حال توسعه برای به دست آوردن حق توسعه را ارائه خواهد داد.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Role of South-South Cooperation in Realization of the Right to Development: the way forward

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Ghaebi
PhD candidate in International Relations , Shahid Behesthi University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

This essay briefly reviews the history of emergence of south-south cooperation which started in the discourse of the development agenda in the 70s and was closely associated with the New International Economic Order discourse, aimed at overcoming asymmetries and gaps inherited from the previous decades, as a means of enhancing international cooperation among developing countries with the focus on the realization of the right to development. I also examine the recent resurgence of South–South cooperation, which has moved once again onto the center stage of world politics and global economics, leading to a renewed interest in its historic promise to transform world order. This article also provides an overview of contemporary debates on this reality, noting in particular the opportunities that lie therein and the challenges that global south faces in promoting such cooperation.  Finally, I will provide some concrete guidelines and recommendations for enhancing the cooperation between developing countries to better achieve the right to development.
 
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • South-South Cooperation
  • Right to Development
  • International Cooperation
[1]. K. M'Baye, Le Droit au developpement comme un Droit de l'homme, Inaugural Address at the International Institute of Human Rights in Strasbourg (July 3, 1972), in: Revue des Droits de l'Homme (1972), vol. 5, p. 503-534.

[1]. UN Doc. A/RES/41/128.

 

International Studies Journal (ISJ) / Vol. 14 / No. 4 / Spring 2018 / pp.169-187

[1]. Article 3 (3)

[1]. Self-sufficiency may be a morally controversial concept, as opposed to self-reliance.

[1]. United Nations General Assembly, Nairobi outcome document of the High-level United Nations Conference on South-South Cooperation. General Assembly Resolution 64/222 of 21 December 2009.

[1]. For further information, see:http://ssc.undp.org/content/ssc.html

[1]. Official development assistance (ODA) is defined as government aid designed to promote the economic development and welfare of developing countries. Loans and credits for military purposes are excluded. Aid may be provided bilaterally, from donor to recipient, or channeled through a multilateral development agency such as the United Nations or the World Bank. Aid includes grants, "soft" loans (where the grant element is at least 25% of the total) and the provision of technical assistance.

[1]. For further information, see the official website : http://www.g15.org/

[1]. Algeria, Egypt, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, Zimbabwe, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Jamaica, Mexico, Venezuela, India, Indonesia, Iran, Malaysia, Sri Lanka though the former member-state Peru decided to leave the group

[1]. The most recent of them are : Fourteenth Summit: 2010, Tehran, Iran, Thirteenth Summit : 2006, Havana, Cuba, Twelfth Summit:  2004, Caracas, Venezuela and  Eleventh Summit:  2001, Jakarta, Indonesia,

[1]. France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom, Japan, United States and Canada

[1].  Instances of such cooperation can be found in : Corbin, Garin. “South-South Cooperation defies the North”, posted on 06/12/2006. Global en Vision: the Confluence of Global Markets and Poverty Alleviation. Available on:

 

[1]. Such as China, India, Brazil, Egypt and Japan

[1]. Data from the World Health Organization shows that 36 million cases of tuberculosis have been cured over the past 15 years and 8 million deaths have been averted. In the past 8 years, new HIV infections world-wide have been reduced by 17%, with a 15% reduction in sub-Saharan Africa, and a nearly 25% reduction in East Asia.

[1]. ALBA-TCP is an international cooperation organization based on the idea of social, political and economic integration between the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean, which will include bartering and mutual economic aid rather than trade liberalization and free trade agreements. Members are Antigua and Barbuda, Cuba, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), with Saint Lucia and Suriname as guest members 

[1]. Alianza Boli­variana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América-Tratado de Comercio de los Pueblos

[1]. “The state of South-South cooperation: report of the Secretary-General” (A/66/229)

[1]. Paragraph 2 of the Declaration of Ayacucho, signed on 9 December 2004 by Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of).

[1]. Section I of the Cuzco Declaration, signed on 8 December 2004 by Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of).

[1]. More recently in 2015, the IBSA Fund to fight hunger and poverty supported programmes in Haiti focusing on combating child labor and youth employment

[1].Triangular Cooperation is the result of technical cooperation among two or more developing countries that is supported financially by northern donors or by international organizations. Triangular Cooperation often consists of a financial contribution from a northern donor together with technical skills provided by a southern donor, which is then implemented in a partner country.

[1]. A/HRC/15/32, para. 58