توافق هسته‌ای: بن بست یا شاهراهی برای روابط با ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله مستقل پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 محقق مدعو دانشگاه پرینستون آمریکا و سخنگوی سابق تیم هسته‌ای جمهوری اسلامی ایران

2 دانشجوی دانشگاه کالیفرنیا، آمریکا

چکیده

برنامه جامع اقدام مشترک یا برجام توافقی بین ایران و اتحادیه اروپا و گروه ۱+۵ تنشی در سیاست‌های منطقه‌ای خاور میانه ایجاد کرد. ایران توانست بارفع تحریم‌های هسته‌ای و با دسترسی به بازار جهانی از استعداد اقتصادی خود استفاده نماید و به جلب سرمایه‌های خارجی دست یابد. اما رئیس جمهورجدید ایالت متحده آمریکا، دونالد ترامپ محدود کردن دستاوردهای اقتصادی ایران از برجام را از اهداف خود قرار داده است .حضور و جایگاه ایران درمنطقه به نوعی تحت عنوان یک رهبر ادامه دارد و ایران در درگیری‌های منطقه‌ای‌ نقش فعال دارد. رئیس جمهور ایران دکتر حسن روحانی که با شعار انتخاباتی «تعامل سازنده با جهان» به پیروزی رسید، همچنان تلاش می‌کند که به وعده‌های انتخاباتی خود، از جمله؛ اصلاحات اجتماعی و افزایش حقوق شهروندی، پایبند باشد. با وجودی که وی با مخالفت‌های زیادی از سوی اصولگرایان رو به رو بوده است. در حال حاضر دونالد ترامپ تمام تلاش خود را بهکار میگیرد که این توافق را از میان بردارد و «برجام» را نابود کند. این تحقیقات اثر برجام را بر وضعیت داخلی ایران و سیاست‌های منطقه‌ای برسیمی‌کند و سعی در پیشبینی عواقب نقض برجام دارد.
 
 

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