کرانه‌های خلیج فارس: فدرالیسم، ژئواستراتژی و حمایت از یمن جنوبی معاصر

نوع مقاله: مقاله مستقل پژوهشی

نویسنده

پژوهشگر ارشد مؤسسه ایتالیایی مطالعات سیاست بین‌الملل و تحلیلگر خلیج فارس در بنیاد دفاعی ناتو

چکیده

این مقاله ژئوپلیتیک یمن جنوبی معاصر را مورد بررسی قرار می‌دهد. با توجه به جنگ داخلی، دو دینامیکی که در هم آمیخته‌اند، تعادل‌های جنوبی و روابط قدرتمند را تغییر داده‌اند. در سطح داخلی، مبارزات بین منطقه‌ای و قبیله‌ای با توجه به خلاء مداوم در حکومت و امنیت محلی برای استقلال رشد می‌کنند. در سطح منطقه‌ای، بازی‌های ژئوپولیتیکی در خاورمیانه (امارات متحده عربی، عربستان سعودی، قطر، عمان، ترکیه و ایران) و بازیکنان بین المللی (ایالات متحده، روسیه و چین) در منطقه امنیتی عدن با هدایت منافع تجاری و نظامی افزایش یافته است. تکه تکه شدن حاکمیت یمن، یک خطر امنیتی برای قدرت‌های خلیج فارس و همچنین یک فرصت جغرافیایی برای افزایش و یا گسترش نفوذ خود در جنوب یمن و سرزمین‌های خلیج فارس است. برای عربستان سعودی و بیشتر از همه امارات متحده عربی، جنوب یمن یک پلتفرم برای سیاست‌های جدید مداخله گرانه خارجی است: برای اهداف جغرافیایی، ابوظبی در بسیاری از مناطق جنوب غربی به سرمایه‌گذاری فراملی کمک کرده است، در نتیجه، دستاوردهای نظامی جدیدی را در منطقه به دست آورده است.
 

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