سیاست خارجی ایران و عربستان درباره تحولات سوریه(2019-2011)

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستخرج از رساله

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه علوم سیاسی گرایش مسائل ایران، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران .

2 استاد تمام و عضو هیئت علمی، گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشکده حقوق، الهیات و علوم سیاسی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد گروه حقوق بین‌الملل، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

با شروع بحران سیاسی در سوریه، بازیگران منطقه ای بر اساس منافع خود جهت گیریهای مختلفی را در رابطه با این کشور، اتخاذ نموده اند.عربستان، بحران سوریه را فرصتی در جهت ارتقاء جایگاه منطقه ای خود می دانست.با این حال نقش تأثیرگذار ایران در بحران سوریه به افزایش قدرت منطقه ای ایران انجامیده که موجب نگرانی رقیب منطقه ای ایران، عربستان شده است.با توجه به فضای رئالیستی حاکم بر منطقه خاورمیانه،عربستان با حمایت از مخالفان دولت بشارالاسد، درصدد مقابله با قدرت منطقه ای ایران برآمد.هدف ازانجام این پژوهش بررسی ریشه های شکل گیری تنش میان ایران و عربستان در قبال بحران سوریه،با استفاده از نظریه موازنه قدرت است.بر این اساس سوال اساسی پژوهش این است که سیاست خارجی ایران و عربستان در قبال بحران سوریه چه تحولاتی داشته است؟روش تحقیق در این پژوهش توصیفی- تحلیلی وگردآوری اطلاعات آن منابع کتابخانه ای می باشد.یافته های پژوهش نشان می-دهد، دولتهای ایران و عربستان در بحران سوریه به نوعی درگیر جنگ نیابتی بوده و درصدد افزایش نفوذ خود و کاهش نفوذ رقیب هستند به طوری که پیگیری منافع در سوریه برای عربستان در تغییر دولت بشارالاسد و برای ایران در ابقای آن است.این تعارض منافع و رقابت میان عربستان و ایران، بازی با حاصل جمع جبری صفر را ایجاد کرده است که باعث طولانی شدن بحران در سوریه، و افزایش اختلاف بین این دو کشور شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Iran and Saudi Arabia’s Foreign Policy on Syria Developments (2019-2011)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Liyla Khodabakhsi 1
  • Alireza Azghandi 2
  • Davood Hermidas Bavand 3
1 Ph.D. Student of Political Science Dep, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Full Prof. at Political Science Department, Faculty of Law, Theology and Political Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Full Prof. at International Law Dep. Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

With the onset of the political crisis in Syria, regional actors have adopted different orientations based on their interests in relation to this country. Saudi Arabia saw the Syrian crisis as an opportunity to improve its regional position. However, Iran's influential role in the Syrian crisis has increased Iran's regional power, which has raised concerns among Iran's regional rival, Saudi Arabia. The purpose of this study is to investigate the roots of the formation of tension between Iran and Saudi Arabia in the face of the Syrian crisis, using balance of power theory. The research findings show that the governments of Iran and Saudi Arabia are somehow involved in proxy war in the Syrian crisis and are seeking to increase their influence and reduce the influence of rivals so that the pursuit of interests in Syria for Saudi Arabia in changing the government of Bashar al-Assad and for Iran in maintaining it. This conflict of interest and rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran, has created a zero-sum game that has prolonged the crisis in Syria, and increased the difference between the two countries.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Foreign Policy
  • The Syrian Crisis
  • the zero-sum game
  • Iran
  • Saudi Arabia.Proxy war
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