عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the methods for analyzing the nature of governments’ commitments is to assess their commitments. Based on this method, all of the human rights will be consisted of three types of commitments for governments; commitment to respect, commitment to protect, and commitment to take action. On the other hand, in order to ensure that the human rights are being implemented in every situation, the International Humanitarian Law focuses on the responsibility and the rights of the parties involved in an armed conflict, neutral countries, and especially the civilians which are greatly consisted of women and children. The International Humanitarian Law is also one of the most effective tools for the international community in guaranteeing the safety and dignity of the human beings in time of armed conflicts. From another perspective, the criminal law plays a significant role on the enrichment and realization of human rights and fundamental freedoms, which could be used for protecting human rights and fair judicial measures or the individual and social security, especially in criminalization. Using an analytical-descriptive method, this article reviews the effects of international criminal laws and tribunals on human rights and International Humanitarian Laws.