نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستقل
1 استادیارگروه حقوق بین الملل،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)،اصفهان،ایران
2 دانشیار و عضو هیئت علمی گروه حقوق، واحد اصفهان(خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران
3 دانشجوی دوره دکتری حقوق بین الملل عمومی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Wetlands are among the most important ecosystems on earth, protection of which enables the reasonable and sustainable use of them. Environmental protection is a common ground between municipal and international laws, and the Stockholm Declaration of 1972 is one of the first documents explicitly emphasizing the point. Environmental protection by which the present and future generations should have an improving social life is considered a public duty. Therefore, economic and other activities concomitant of environmental pollution and irreparable damage to environment are forbidden. Shadegan International Wetlands are a series of ponds registered in the Ramsar Convention, which are under a serious threat due to the surrounding development activities. This research attempts to figure out the international rules concerning the protection of Shadegan International Wetlands. This was a descriptive-analytical study with the aim of investigating the international rules on protection of wetlands, particularly the Shadegan International Wetlands, in the Ramsar Convention. The results indicated that according to the Ramsar Convention as the oldest international treaty, wetlands are protected based on the principles of international cooperation focusing on one of the rules of the International Environmental Law, i.e. the principle of environmental protection. Shadegan International Wetlands are conserved in accordance with the Article 50 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran and non-governmental organizations.