عنوان مقاله [English]
Among Persian philosophers and orators, Saadi is the only character who has left lasting oeuvres about Wisdom, prudence and anthology. Saadi`s written traces especially two books of Boostan and Golestan- former in poetry and later in prose not only in Persian language, but also in any other languages have no kindred in Oratory, wisdom and knowledge. Although from artistic and aesthetic point of views everyone knows Saadi as the Master of speech, however he recounted the most important and deepest social issues in his works. That is why we should consider him as aprominent sociologist and realist luminary of his era. In this regard, he has always invited human beings especially the lords of power into Realism, moderation and respect to justice. His advices for rulers and monarchs particularly in his odes, prose treatises and in Golestan book by use of the most attractive words and eloquent sentences have been always fame between science and speech communities. We can talk about his thoughts and opinions a lot, but in this paper it is tried to peruse Saadi`s point of view about “what are the duties and responsibilities of kings and lords of power and how they should behave with their inferiors?"
God willing in another article, the political ideas of Saadi about realism, wisdom, prudence and moderation will be analyzed.