مفهوم جامعه بین‏‌الملل و تلاش برای پیوند میان حقوق بین‏‌الملل و روابط بین‌الملل

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستقل

نویسنده

استادیار گروه علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

نظریه‏ های روابط بین ‏الملل حتی اگر صراحتاً به موضوعات حقوق بین‏الملل نپردازند، به ‏صورت ضمنی با آن در ارتباط بوده که به‏ شکل بهره‏ گیری از رویکردها، زبان و اصطلاحاتی متفاوت اما نزدیک به حقوق بین ‏الملل همچون هنجارها، نهادها و رژیم‏ها منعکس می‏شود. در این میان، سنت جامعه بین ‏الملل از ظرفیت‏های بیشتری در اتصال میان دو رشته حقوق بین‏ الملل و روابط بین ‏الملل برخوردار است. پرسش محوری مقاله این‏گونه مطرح شده است که «دلیل اصلی موفقیت سنت جامعه بین ‏الملل در برقراری پیوند میان روابط بین ‏الملل و حقوق بین ‏الملل در چیست؟» فرضیه‏ ای که مقاله حاضر در صدد آزمون آن برآمده این است که «دلیل اصلی اساسی موفقیت سنت جامعه بین ‏الملل در ایجاد سازگاری میان حقوق بین‏ الملل و روابط بین ‏الملل، تمرکز بر مفهوم جامعه بین‏ الملل (به‏ مثابه نمود عینی کاربست مباحث هنجاری مورد علاقه حقوق بین ‏الملل در عرصه‎ی روابط بین ‏الملل) بوده که با اتخاذ موضع میانه این سنت بین واقع‏گرایی (با تأکیدش بر مسایل روابط بین ‏الملل) و آرمان‏گرایی (با تأکیدش بر مسایل حقوق بین ‏الملل) همراه شده است.» نوع پژوهش طی این مقاله، توصیفی-علی بوده و از روش ‏شناسی استنباطی و رویکرد میان ‏رشته ‏ای استفاده شده است. یافته‏ های مقاله نیز درستی فرضیه پژوهش را نشان می‏دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Concept of International Society and Attempt to Link International Law and International Relations

نویسنده [English]

  • Somaye Ghanbari
Assistant Professor for Political Science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Even if the theories of international relations (IR) do not explicitly address international law (IL), they are implicitly linked to it which is reflected in utilizing different approaches, language and terminology to international law including norms, institutions and regimes. Meanwhile, the International Society Approach (English school) has more capacities in connecting the two disciplines of IL and IR. Therefore, the main question of this study is: “What is the the most important reason behind the success of International Society Approach in the transplantation of IR with IL?” The hypothesis that the present essay seeks to test is that “The most important reason for the success of the International Society Approach in establishing compatibility between IL and IR is to adopt a middle position between realism with the emphasis on IR and idealism, as well as its focus on the concept of the International Society as an objective representation of applying normative issues of interest of IL in the area of IR”. This study utilizes descriptive-analytical methods, deductive methodology and interdisciplinary approach. The findings of this research confirm its hypothesis.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • International Society Approach (The English School)
  • International society
  • International Norms
  • International Law
  • international relations
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