چالش تطبیق حق آزادی بیان با منع استفاده تروریسم از فضای مجازی

نوع مقاله: مقاله مستقل پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانش آموخته ی کارشناسی ارشد حقوق بین الملل دانشگاه شیراز

چکیده

تطبیق حق آزادی بیان با ممنوعیت، پیشگیری و مقابله با استفاده از فضای مجازی برای مقاصد تروریستی، یک چالش نوظهور در عرصه حقوق بین الملل می‌باشد. با توجه بهم پیوستگی روابط دولت‌ها در عصر حاضر و مبنا قرار گرفتن فضای مجازی در روابط بین‌المللی، کشور ما نیز از این موضوع قطعا در امان نبوده و لذا اهمیت پرداختن به این چالش از منظر حقوق بین الملل دوچندان می‌گردد.در این تحقیق در پی آن هستیم تا با توجه به اسناد بین‌المللی حقوق بشری به ویژه میثاق بین‌المللی حقوق مدنی و سیاسی و نیز رویه قضایی ملی و بین‌المللی، ضروریات تطبیق حق آزادی بیان در فضای مجازی با منع استفاده از فضای مجازی برای مقاصد تروریستی مورد توجه قرار گیرد. نتیجه تحقیق حاضر بدین صورت است که ضمن ضرورت ارائه یک تعریف واحد بین‌المللی از تروریسم،دو عنصر محوری باید در هر گونه تطبیق در این راستا مورد توجه قرار بگیرد: اولا تطبیق به موجب قانون تامین شده باشد و ثانیا برای احترام به حقوق یا شهرت دیگران،حفاظت از امنیت ملی، نظم عمومی یا بهداشت و اخلاق عمومی، ضروری باشند.

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