عنوان مقاله [English]
Much of the failure of transitional justice stems from the theoretical aspects of it. In most countries, transitional justice has a state-centric approach. After a war, Governments are usually unstable and disintegrated, since a war destroys the basis and structures of countries after which different crises such as social, political and cultural occur. The rights of victims in negotiations for terminating the war and after war instructions are often ignored, and the importance given to these victims is not as much as the concern given to the parties in negotiations. Furthermore, the victims are not seen as an immediate threat for stability.
Caring for transitional justice and administering the rights of victims, not only brings about moral values and reinforces the reliance between the people and the state, but also it is of strategic importance due to a construction of long-term political peace. Accordingly, owing to the fact that the Afghan government has subscribed to various contracts and agreements, it should be held responsible for adapting transitional justice in Afghanistan. Instead of subsribing and starting practical plans, the government is reluctant to handle the past, and it seems that there is no political determination for adapting this process in Afghanistan.
The international society prefers supporting peace in order to support the transitional justice processes. The universal society that talks about the importance of transitional justice in other countries through accepting international agreements, has a legal and conscionable responsibility to guarantee that the Afghan government pays attention to millions of Afghan people who have suffered in war and does not ignore them. Besides, the urban society of Afghanistan should improve the capacity of institutions, especially the coordination of transitional justice, and try to build an active and national urban society with geographical expansion of institutions supporting transitional justice in all over the world. In addition, it should try to improve the accountability politics in order to hinder violence. Therefore, the question raised in this research is that why the process of transitional justice in Afghanistan has encountered a deadlock. To answer this question, aspects and challenges of transitional justice in Afghanistan are examined and the roles of institutions and urban society in advancing the transitional justice is assessed.