ماهیت سیاست‌های نژادپرستانه دونالد ترامپ در قبال سیاه پوستان آمریکا: از 2016 تا فراگیری پاندمی کرونا

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستقل

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

2 دانشیار علوم سیاسی دانشگاه اصفهان

3 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت دانشگاه ازاد اسلامی، واحد ساری

4 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین الملل عمومی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

یکی از معضلات چالش برانگیز در تاریخ سیاسی ایالات متحده مسأله سیاه‌پوستان این کشور بوده است. مسأله‌ای که هراز چندگاهی عموما با قتل و دستگیری و شکنجه عده‌ای از آنان همراه می‌گردد. مسأله مهم در این میان این است که به رغم شعار‌ها، لوایح و قوانینی که در حمایت از سیاه‌پوستان آمریکایی در مجلس این کشور وضع می‌گردد، اما کماکان وضعیت بغرنج سیاهان آمریکایی نشان می‌دهد شکاف‌های عمیق کماکان میان جمعیت سفیدپوستان و سیاه این کشور وجود دارد. در میان روسای جمهوری ایالات متحده حتی حضور افرادی همچون باراک اوبامای رنگین پوست نیز نتوانست گره از چالش‌های وسیع سیاهان بگشاید. در نهایت با ورود دونالد ترامپ به کاخ سفید در سال 2016 علنا سیاه‌پوستان آمریکایی به مرز انزوای کامل سیاسی و بیشترین محرومیت‌های اقتصادی و بیشینه چالش‌های فرهنگی و اجتماعی با دولت فدرال رسیدند. این مقاله تلاشی است برای ارائه پاسخی مستدل به این سوال که: وضعیت سیاه‌پوستان آمریکایی در زمان دونالد ترامپ به چه صورتی بوده است؟ فرضیه نویسندگان حکایت از این مسأله دارد که از ابتدای ریاست جمهوری ترامپ تا پایان سال 2020، محرومیت‌ها و چالش‌ها و تبعیض‌های سیاه‌پوستان این‌کشور رو‌به تشدید نهاده است. یافته‌های مقاله با استفاده از نظریه شکاف‌های اجتماعی و روش تفسیری(روش تحقیق) نشان‌دهنده چالش‌های عمیق سیاه‌پوستان در سه مسأله سیاسی، اقتصادی و امنیتی می‌باشد که این مسأله در نهایت می‌تواند بسترساز وقوع دو نوع بحران کلان در ایالات متحده گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Nature of Donald Trump's Racist Policies toward Black Americans; From 2016 Until the Corona Pandemic

نویسندگان [English]

  • Abdolreza Alishahi 1
  • Hossein Masoudnia 2
  • Hamid Soleimani 3
  • Ali Mohammaddoust 4
1 PhD. Student of Political Science at Allameh Tabatabaie University
2 Associate Professor of political science at University of Isfahan
3 MA of Management, Branch of Sari, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.
4 Ph.D. Student of General International Law at Allameh Tabatabai University.
چکیده [English]

One of the most challenging issues in US political history has been the issue of blacks. An issue that from time to time is generally accompanied by the murder, arrest and torture of some of them. Despite slogans, bills, and laws in support of black Americans in the House of Commons, the plight of American blacks continues to show deep divisions between the white and black populations. Among US presidents, even the presence of people of color like Barack Obama could not untie the knot of broad black challenges. Finally, with the arrival of Donald Trump in the White House in 2016, black Americans openly reached the brink of complete political isolation and the most economic deprivation and maximum cultural and social challenges with the federal government. This article is an attempt to provide a reasoned answer to the question: What was the situation of black Americans like under Donald Trump? The authors' hypothesis suggests that from the beginning of Trump's presidency until the end of 2020, the deprivations, challenges and discrimination of blacks in this country have intensified. The findings of article by using social gap theory and interpretive method (research method) show the deep challenges of blacks in political, economic and security could pave the way for two major crises in the United States.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Social gaps
  • Discrimination
  • Political Challenges
  • Donald Trump
  • Blacks
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