بازنمود استمرار فرهنگ راهبردی ایران در ساخت و بنیان سیاست منطقه‌ای جمهوری اسلامی

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستخرج از رساله

نویسندگان

1 گروه روابط بین‌الملل، دانشکده الهیات، حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم‌ و تحقیقات، تهران

2 دانشیار عضو هیات علمی گروه روابط بین‌الملل، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

3 استاد علوم سیاسی، دانشکده علوم اقتصاد و سیاسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی

4 استاد تمام دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

فرهنگ راهبردی در اکثر موارد در رابطه با مولفه‌هایی است که ارتباط گسترده‌ای را با روش جنگی مختص به یک کشور داشته باشد اما فرهنگ راهبردی، گستره‌ای وسیع‌تر را پوشش خواهد داد. در زمانه‌ای که بسیاری از تحلیلگران از ایجاد گسست در تاثیرگذاری مولفه‌های فرهنگ راهبردی ایران در دوره جمهوری اسلامی سخن می‌گویند می‌توان پیوست‌هایی نه چندان کم را نیز مشاهده نمود. سوال این است که پیوست‌های فرهنگ راهبردی ایران چگونه بر ساخت سیاست منطقه‌ای در دوره جمهوری اسلامی تاثیر گذاشته است؟ نتیجه کلی مقاله که با اتخاذ روش گفتمانی و تاریخی-تطبیقی و به‌کارگیری نظریه تحلیل گفتمان و سازه‌انگاری بدست آمده، نشان می‌دهدکه گفتمان جمهوری اسلامی منجر به تغییر دال مرکزی گفتمان حاکم بر ایران شد اما در عین حال، تاثیر بازتولید مولفه‌های فرهنگ راهبردی، در کنار سه متغیر کلان تاثیرگذار دیگر، منجر به بازتولید بنیان و سیاست‌هایی مشابه در قبال کشورها و نظم و نظام منطقه‌ای شده است. از این منظر هدف پژوهش آن است که نشان دهد برخی از سیاست‌های منطقه‌ای جمهوری اسلامی، بیش از آنکه با نوع حکومت مسلط در ایران مرتبط باشند، تحت تاثیر بازتولید مولفه‌های فرهنگ راهبردی ایران، مانند «تجربه ابرقدرت و امپراتوری بودن ایران»، «تنهایی تاریخی»، «محصور بودن میان دشمنان»، «نبرد دائمی خیر وشر»، «حضور در نظم ناعادلانه جهانی و قربانی بودن» و مواردی از این دست قرار دارند. بدین‌معنا که بستر و بنیان آنها را بازتولید فرهنگ راهبردی ایران تشکیل داده اما جهت و صورت ظاهری و به‌طور خلاصه نحوه کاربرد آنها، ارتباطی عمیق با دال مرکزی گفتمان حاکم بر ایران دارد

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Reflections of the continuity of Iran's strategic culture on construction and foundation of regional policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Masoud 1
  • Mehdi Zakeiarn 2
  • Abdul Ali ghavam 3
  • Hamid Ahmadi 4
1 Department of International Relations, Faculty of Theology, Law and Political Science, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran
2 Associated Prof. at International Relations Dep., Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, and, Associate Member, Center for Iranian Studies, SOAS, University of London, Specialty: Human Rights
3 FuLL Professor for Department of Political Sciences, Faculty of Economic & Political Sciences
4 Professor of Political Science, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Strategic culture is often used in relation to factors that are closely related to the “Way of War” of countries but some analysts believe that strategic culture covers a wider range. At a time when many analysts are talking about a chasm in the influence of factors of Iran’s strategic culture during the Islamic Republic, it is possible to see continuity too. The question is how Iran's strategic culture has influenced the construction of regional policy during the Islamic Republic? The final conclusion of discussion, by adopting a discourse and historical-comparative method and applying the theory of discourse analysis and constructivism, is that the Discourse of the Islamic Republic led to a change in the Nodal Point of the ruling Discourse in Iran, but at the same time, the effect of reproducing strategic culture factors along with three influential macro variables, It has led to the reproduction of the same policies towards countries and the regional system. From this perspective, the findings of this study indicate that a large number of Islamic Republic’s Regional Policies, rather than related to the type of the government in Iran, are influenced by the reproduction of factors of strategic culture like “The experience of being an empire”, “Historical loneliness”, “Being surrounded by enemies” and factors such these. In other words, their foundation is the reproduction of Iran's strategic culture but how they are used, have a close relationship with the Nodal Point of the ruling Discourse

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Iran's Strategic Culture"
  • " Islamic Republic Regional Policy"
  • " Empireness"
  • "Constructivism"
  • "Regional Order"
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