عنوان مقاله [English]
Since the US withdrew from “The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action”, commonly known as Iran Nuclear Deal, Trump’s administration’s strategy has been based on constant maximum pressure in order for Iran to sign a new deal beyond the nuclear issue. Hence, a combination of different integrated, targeted, and simultaneous means have been deployed. In this article, in order to gain a non-reductionist understanding of Trump’s approach against Iran, the concept of “power of coerce”, and its means will be utilized as a basis to comprehend the analysis model, and the manner through which maximum pressure strategy progresses. The main questions which this article seeks to answer is within the framework of what model can Trump’s “maximum pressure” against Iran be analyzed, and how has this strategy acted? What connection exists among the components of this strategy? What are their strengths and weaknesses? In order to answer these questions, the research method of this article is analytical and descriptive. The main “research limitation” has been the confidentiality of statistical data due to the sanction situation. According to this article, the US, in addition to comprehensive sanctions in the areas of economy, arms and energy, has exploited other means such maritime intercept, support for adversaries’ opponents, and widespread offensive cyber operations against Iran in an attempt to substitute these simultaneous actions for a war. Nevertheless, despite the imposed damages, Iran’s counteractions have frustrated Trump’s objectives. However, assertive and out-of-order exploitation of the means by the US is predictable.