بررسی تطبیقی سیاست خارجی جمهوری گرجستان و جمهوری ارمنستان ؛ تمایل به غرب یا شرق (2008-2020)

نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی- پژوهشی مستخرج از رساله

نویسندگان

1 روابط بین الملل، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کرج،کرج، ایران

2 استادیار عضو هیأت علمی گروه روابط بین‌الملل، واحد کرج، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی ، کرج، ایران.

3 استادیار و عضو هیات علمی دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد کرج، کرج، ایران

چکیده

جمهوری‌های گرجستان و ارمنستان، امروزه بازیگران منطقه‌ای و بین‌المللی متعددی را بخود جلب کرده‌ است و اهمیت فوق‌العاده تاریخی خود را مجدد بازیافته‌اند. گرجستان و ارمنستان که زمانی، حیات خلوت روسیه و اتحاد جماهیر شوروی بودند و در ادوار متمادی تاریخ نیز محل منازعه و رقابت بازیگران منطقه بوده‌اند، اکنون به محل رقابت قدرت‌های بزرگ کنونی تبدیل شده و هر کدام از بازیگران منطقه‌ای و جهانی بدنبال حضور، نفوذ و تامین هرچه بیشتر منافع خود هستند. برای درک بهتر اهمیت این منطقه برای قدرت‌های بزرگ بویژه آمریکا و روسیه و گرایشات گرجستان و ارمنستان به هر یک از این دو قدرت، به بررسی اهداف این دو قدرت در منطقه قفقاز جنوبی پرداخته خواهد شد. در پژوهش پیش‌رو این پرسش مطرح می‌گردد که کشورهای ارمنستان و گرجستان از سال 2008 به بعد به سمت کدام قدرت شرق و غرب متمایل بوده است؟ نتیجه کلی مقاله نشان می‌دهد که گرجستان و ارمنستان برای همکاری با ناتو، دارای انگیزه‌هایی هستند. در این میان بنظر می‌رسد، گرجستان حضور ناتو را بعنوان مقدمه‌ای برای اروپایی شدن ترجیحاً دریافت کمک‌های مالی بیشتر می‌داند و نتیجتاً می‌توان بیان نمود که از میان دو بازیگر فرامنطقه‌ای، نقش آمریکا از دیگران بارزتر بنظر می‌رسد. آمریکا دارای منافع منطقه‌ای در گرجستان و ارمنستان است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative study of the foreign policy of the Republic of Georgia and the Republic of Armenia; Tendency to the West or the East (2008-2020)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Jila AHMADI 1
  • Afshin Zargar 2
  • fakhreddi Soltany 3
1 International Relations, Department of Law & Political Science, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
2 Assistant Professor at Department of International Relations, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty member of Law & Political Science Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran
چکیده [English]

The Republics of Georgia and Armenia have today attracted numerous regional and international actors and regained their extraordinary historical significance. Georgia and Armenia, once the realm of Russia and the Soviet Union, have long been the scene of rivalry between regional actors, and have now become the scene of rivalry between the current great powers and each of the regional actors. And the world seeks to be present, influential and secure as much as possible. In order to better understand the importance of this region for the great powers, especially the United States and Russia, and the tendencies of Georgia and Armenia towards each of these two powers, the goals of these two powers in the South Caucasus region are examined. Leading research raises the question of which Eastern and Western powers Armenia and Georgia have been leaning towards since 2008? In fact, this research descriptively-analytically examines the hypothesis that Georgia and Armenia have incentives to cooperate with NATO. In the meantime, it seems that the Republic of Georgia sees the presence of NATO as a prelude to Europeanization, preferably receiving more financial aid, and as a result, it can be said that among the two trans-regional actors, the role of the United States is different from the others. It looks more obvious. The United States has regional interests in Georgia and Armenia.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Republic of Armenia
  • Republic of Georgia
  • Comparative Foreign Policy
  • West and East Tendency
  • Regional Actors
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